Apart from an elevated magnesium requirement, other factors can also cause a magnesium deficiency. They include, for example, an imbalanced diet or elevated magnesium excretion during fever or diarrhea.
Magnesium deficiency: Risk factors
Many people do not have a sufficient magnesium intake. The causes for this are very diverse. An imbalanced diet, a reduced magnesium uptake, or life situations which bring with them an increased magnesium requirement can all increase the risk of a magnesium deficiency. As this can be associated with symptoms such as muscle cramps or muscle tension, it is all the more important to keep an eye on one’s own risk of magnesium deficiency and to counteract it in good time.
An imbalanced diet can lead to magnesium deficiency
Magnesium deficiency: Risk factor overview
- Imbalanced diet (dieting)
- Reduced magnesium uptake
- Increased magnesium excretion
- Increased magnesium requirement
- Chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus
Those who have an unhealthy diet have an increased risk of magnesium deficiency. However, this is not only related to the fast food junkies among us. Following a diet that doesn’t include sufficient variation can also mean that your magnesium intake is too low – for example, those who exclusively eat salads or fruit are by no means on the safe side, because many calorie-rich foods, such as nuts or chocolate, contain a lot of magnesium.
As an imbalanced, insufficient diet is also a frequent problem for older individuals and those requiring nursing, many senior citizens may also not be supplying their bodies with sufficient magnesium.
Magnesium deficiency as a consequence of reduced magnesium resorption in the intestines
Reduced magnesium resorption can also lead to a magnesium deficiency. But what can impair the uptake of magnesium in the intestines? The following factors come into consideration:
- Interactions with different medicinal products
- Food components such as phosphates (for example, in cola)
- Increased alcohol consumption
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Increased excretion of magnesium as a risk factor
If the excretion of magnesium is elevated, then the risk of a magnesium deficiency also increases.
Examples of situations with increased magnesium excretion are:
- Sports (mineral loss through sweating)
- Intake of laxatives
- Intake of diuretics
Increased magnesium requirements
In different life situations, such as, for example, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, magnesium requirements increase. Also, stress can cause the body to need more magnesium. Those who do not specifically keep an eye on their magnesium levels risk developing a magnesium deficiency.
Find out everything on the topic of increased magnesium requirements here.
Magnesium deficiency and chronic diseases
Different chronic diseases can also increase the risk of a magnesium deficiency.
Among them are (this is not a complete list):
- Diabetes mellitus
- Heart disease
- Chronic intestinal disease
If you already have an underlying medical condition or are taking other medicinal products, you should consult your doctor before taking additional magnesium.